Language and Truth

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作者:by Paul Douglas

出版年:c2013

出版社:Shepheard Walwyn (Publishers) Ltd

出版地:London, England

格式:EPUB 流式

ISBN:9780856833717; 9780856832710

分類:歐美文學  英文書  

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This book explores the nature of human language, its relation to truth and to the natural laws of the universe. It focuses on truth according to DaVita (non-dualism), and concentrates mainly on the Sanskrit language. The author draws on his long experience as a student and teacher of both DaVita and Sanskrit. He identifies some principles of Advaita which are particularly relevant to human language, such as the primacy of consciousness, unity in diversity, and sound as the basis of the universe. He then compares Sanskrit, English and Mandarin in the light of these principles. What follows is an investigation of how far the basic elements of the Sanskrit language such as its alphabet, its roots and the deep structure of its grammar, may be seen as the expression of such principles. The book continues with an examination of the fundamental nature of words, of sentences and of meaning, all of which are illumined by insights into the deeper significance of the sound and structure of the Sanskrit language. What emerges is a radically different view of language from that found in most modern Western philosophy. Human language is seen as having an innate capacity to reflect the light of consciousness, the primary element of the universe, and evidence is provided to show the extraordinary reflective capacity of the Sanskrit language. Many books have been written on Advaita, but the combination of Advaita and language as tackled in this book may be unique.

  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Table of Contents
  • Pronunciation Guide
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1 - Different premises on which language may be founded
  • 1.2 An Advaitic View of Language
  • 1.3 Views of Language in the West
  • 1.4 An Empirical View of Language
  • 1.5 A Rationalist View of Language
  • 1.6 Another modern view of language
  • 1.7 Where next?
  • Notes
  • Chapter 2 - How may different languages relate to truth?
  • 2.2 Different types of language
  • 2.3 Relationship of three languages to truth.
  • 2.4 Unity
  • 2.5 Sound
  • 2.6 Lawfulness
  • 2.7 Consciousness
  • 2.8 Reflectivity
  • 2.9 Stability
  • 2.10 Summary
  • Note
  • Chapter 3 - Basic elements of language as evident in Sanskrit
  • 3.1 Setting the scene
  • 3.2 The Alphabet
  • 3.3 Mtrik
  • 3.4 Vowels and consonants
  • 3.5 Chakras
  • 3.6 The Mhevara Stras
  • 3.7 Dhtus (roots or seeds)
  • 3.8 Pratyayas (suffixes)
  • 3.9 Upasargas (prefixes)
  • 3.10 Krakas
  • 3.11 Number, but not gender
  • 3.12 Sandhi
  • 3.13 Conclusions
  • Chapter 4 - Words: their formation and classes
  • 4.2 Are words fixed or fluid?
  • 4.3 The composition of words
  • 4.4 Examples of forming a word in Sanskrit
  • 4.5 Different classes of word
  • 4.6 The Verb family
  • 4.7 The Noun family
  • 4.8 The unfolding of creation in language
  • 4.9 Fluidity between classes of word
  • 4.10 The word Saskrta
  • 4.11 Word and words again
  • Chapter 5 - Sentences and relationships within them
  • 5.1 What is a sentence?
  • 5.2 Sentence as a unity
  • 5.3 Formation of a Sentence
  • 5.4 Relationships within a sentence
  • 5.5 Relationships in sound
  • 5.6 Conclusion
  • Chapter 6 - Sound, Word and Meaning What is meaning?
  • 6.1 What does the word ‘meaning’ mean?
  • 6.2 Levels of meaning
  • 6.3 What about sound?
  • 6.4 Spoken sounds and the sounds of the natural language
  • 6.5 Sound beyond meaning
  • 6.6 Grammar linking words and meaning
  • 6.7 Meaning and activity
  • 6.8 Conclusions on meaning
  • Chapter 7 - Pinian grammar: some special features
  • The Atdhyy
  • 7.2 It letters
  • 7.3 Different types of invisibility
  • 7.4 The kraka sutras, and their deeper significance
  • 7.5 Beyond kraka, beyond relationship
  • 7.6 ‘I’ and ‘You’
  • 7.7 From unity to diversity
  • 7.8 Conclusions
  • Chapter 8 - Laws of Sanskrit reflecting natural laws?
  • 8.2 Unity in diversity
  • 8.3 Stability and Lawfulness
  • 8.4 Sound
  • 8.5 Reflectivity and Consciousness
  • 8.6 Language and truth
  • Note
  • Appendix 1 - Checklist of the credentials of the Sanskrit language considered in this book.
  • Appendix 2 - The extent of Sandhi
  • Bibliography - (principal references)